1984- Some true facts
- 1947 Pak/Indian Independence.
Sikhs offered own country during partition. - Sikh leads made a lot of promises by Brahman- India, that if Sikh join India they will be entitled to a lot, such as having the right to split into a independent country if they so-wish and are not happy being with India. All laws and rules will be done with the agreement of Sikhs. Indian Consitition will be pbulished with agreement of Sikhs etc etc The main man would be Jawaharlal Nehru and M.K Gandhi.
Master Tara Singh & Baldev Singh the main Sikh leaders fell for it.
Later when Indian constitution came, it included Paragraph 25(2) which is basically saying that Sikhism comes under the branch of Hinduism. (read Explaination II of 25(b) www.constitution.org/cons/india/p03025.html)
(b) providing for social welfare and reform or the throwing open of Hindu reli- gious institutions of a public character to all classes and sections of Hindus.
Explanation I: The wearing and carrying of kirpans shall be deemed to be included in the profession of the Sikh religion.
Explanation II: In sub-Clause (b) of clause (2), the reference to Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jaina or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly.
Also the Anand Marraige Act (Form Sikhs had to fill during British rule) had been eliminated and replaced by \"Hindu Marriage Act\", and even today Sikhs have to fill that in for a court Marriage.(luckily most Sikhs don't do that)
Sikh leaders refused to sign it, but still it was put into action, and Sikhs understood they had been betrayed.
Nehru when Sikhs asked him about promises -\"Circumstances have now Changed\" see Sikhundeground.com \"hindu leaders section\"
1966 - Punjabi Suba movement - http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/events/punjsuba.htm
- 1973 - Sikhs Draft the \"Anandpur Sahib Resolution\", a draft prepared by the Akalis with the
Whilst the media say that Bhindranwale demanded Khalistan, from his speaches you will understand that it is not true. He openly said that he was neither for it nor against it. The Gov decides whether it wants to keep Sikhs in India or not. Sikhs have a demand, if India wants Sikhs to stay with India those (the resolution) were the demands. If the Gov decides to give Khalistan, we will not make the same mistake as in 1947, but it is NOT A DEMAND - the DEMAND is the resolution. The resolution basically said that Panjab should get more rights, like in the US the states have more autonomy, with some local laws and some national laws. Please read the Basic Demands of the Sikhs
1978 - Nirankari Morcha. - http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/events/akj.htm Nirankari \"Gurbachan Singh\" (called \"bachna\" By Sikhs) a governmetn agents begins his propaganda of being a living guru. Begin disrespecting Guru Granth Sahib Ji and Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Said that if Guru Gobind Singh Ji made Panj Pyaare (five beloved ones) he would make Sat Sitarey (seven stars) - a straight Challenge to Dasmesh Pita, Kaligiya Valey, Shaheshan Sha Patsha.
Sikhs find out that 13th April, in other words- Vaisakhi 1978 Bachna is going to disrespect Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Singhs led by Bhai Fauja Singh Ji, go and peacefully protest. Singhs are welcomed by rain of bullets and 13 Singhs are Shaheed and more than 70 are wounded, but they do not allow the disrespect of Guru Sahib - so much was the respect for Guru Sahib by the Singhs. Today unfortunately we Sikhs don't even care about Guru Sahib and call Guru Sahib \"THE Guru Granth Sahib\" referring to Guru Granth Sahib Ji as an object rather than a LIVING GURU!
You might also want to read this about the Nirankaris - http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/events/kanpur.htm
- Tension between Sikhs and Gov increases. Sikhs hold peaceful protests, just as the blocking
trains and traffic in the streets, for a day or two, by the Akalis.
Both A.R Darshi (Author The Gallant Defender) and the Investigation team of : Amiya Rao, Aurbindo Ghose, Sunil Bhattacharya, Tejinder Ahuja and N.D.Pancholi (Authr of report - Oppression in Punjab - Part of it can be read on http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/bluestar/ob08.htm)
Write that if the government wanted and were serious about it, they could have solved the Panjab problem a lot earlier but decided no to, and allowed the tension to grow...
The gov was responsible for creating drifts between Sikh-Hindu unity to isolate Sikhs.
As to why Bhindranwale chose to live in the complex is irrelevant as Mark Tully writes that the gov had made a replica of the Darbar Sahib complex in mountain areas in order to train the army to be able to kill as many people in as little time as possible. this was built and trained on 18 months before the attack. The Singhs moved into the complex 11 months before the attack. If getting the Singhs was the point, then why didn't they do it when they were outside? Bhindranwale and the Singhs were outside and did Parchaar a lot of their time, and weren't inside the complex 24/7 - they could have arrested them any time they wanted.. Ram Narayan Kumar writes on http://www.allaboutsikhs.com/bluestar/ob21.htm -
Sikhs kept asking for their rights and Anandpur Sahib Resolution. Government to oppress Sikhs and to teach them a lesson tried to attack the Darbar Sahib complex.
Until June 1 1984, Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale held his regular public meetings on the roof of the community kitchen inside the Golden Temple complex. The meetings were open to all, and it should have been possible for a group of commandos to nab him there by using minimal force. This was not done. It should also have been easy for specially trained sharp-shooters, who had positioned themselves on the buildings around the temple, to target Bhindranwale and his armed followers, and to \"neutralize\" them. On June 1 afternoon, mixed groups of various security agencies that had occupied the multi-storied buildings in the circumference did open fire against the temple complex when Bhindranwale was holding his audience on the roof of the kitchen building. Instead of targeting Bhindranwale, the sharp shooters aimed at various buildings, including the main shrine of Harmandir Sahib which received 34 bullet marks.
The white paper (gov report) says that Singhs started shooting unprovoked - ALL eyewitness reports say the opposite, the Gov shot at the Darbar Sahib unprovoked, and the Singhs did not shoot back due to strict orders not to shoot until the army enters parkarma. With the genious general Bhai Subegh (Some write Shabagh) Singh, Singhs were able to hold the army men out for 5 days. They weren't allowed to come even a few feet into the parkarma before they were shot at. Great was the planning of Bhindranwale and General Sugbegh Singh Sahib Ji.
The generals promised Gandhi that they will be able to take control over the complex after 2 hours. For 5 five days they tried to come in, but failed miserably with the Singhs resisting. After five whole days of them not even being able to come close to the parkarma, the army had to use helicopters and tanks.
Why did the army cut all the connections to the complex? Why was food supply shut to the complex? Why were innocent people killed? Why was the Red-Cross nt allowed to come close to the complex, and weren't allowed to come closer to the \"Jallianwalla Bagh\" approx 1 km away from the complex? Surely they had something to hide from the rest of the world
I recommend you order A.R Darshi's The Gallant Defender